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Although at the time it was not recognised as such, this was the first Edinburgh Festival Fringe.
This meant that two defining features of the future Fringe were established at the very beginning – the lack of official invitations to perform and the use of unconventional venues.
The Fringe started life when eight theatre companies turned up uninvited to the inaugural Edinburgh International Festival in 1947.
With the International Festival using the city's major venues, these companies took over smaller, alternative venues for their productions.
Due to many reviewers only being able to attend Fringe events late night after the official festival was finished, the Fringe came to be seen as being about revues.
It was a few years before an official programme for the Fringe was created.
Among the talent to appear in early Fringe revues were Ned Sherrin in 1955, and Ken Loach and Dudley Moore with the Oxford Theatre Group in 1958.
Elections are held once a year, in August, and Board members serve a term of four years.
The Board appoints the Fringe Chief Executive (formerly known as the Fringe Administrator or Director), currently Shona Mc Carthy who assumed the role in March 2016.
The obvious next step was to partition a venue into two or more performing spaces; the majority of today's major venues fit into this category.
For many years, the Fringe Club (variously in the High Street from 1971 and at Teviot Row House from 1981) provided nightly showcases of Fringe fare to allow audiences to sample shows.
John Menzies compiled a list of shows under the title "Other Events" in their omnibus festival brochure, but it was printer C. Cousland who was the first to publish a listings guide, in 1954.