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Some of the city's most prominent architectural features and best known historical events date from the turn of the 20th century.
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, dedicated on May 15, 1902, would later become the city's unofficial symbol.
Indianapolis became a seat of county government on December 31, 1821, when Marion County, was established.
A combined county and town government continued until 1832 when Indianapolis incorporated as a town.
Once home to 60 automakers, Indianapolis rivaled Detroit as a center of automobile manufacturing.
The Indianapolis Street Car Strike of 1913 and subsequent police mutiny and riots led to the creation of the state's earliest labor-protection laws, including a minimum wage, regular work weeks, and improved working conditions.
The plan removed bureaucratic redundancies, captured increasingly suburbanizing tax revenue, and created a Republican political machine that dominated Indianapolis politics until the 2000s decade.
Amid the changes in government and growth, the city invested in an aggressive strategy to brand Indianapolis as a sports tourism destination.
Other historians have argued as early as 1822 that John Wesley Mc Cormick, his family, and employees became the area's first European American settlers, settling near the White River in February 1820.Effective January 1, 1825, the seat of state government moved to Indianapolis from Corydon, Indiana. During the American Civil War, Indianapolis was mostly loyal to the Union cause. Morton, a major supporter of President Abraham Lincoln, quickly made Indianapolis a rallying place for Union army troops.On February 11, 1861, president-elect Lincoln arrived in the city, en route to Washington, D. for his presidential inauguration, marking the first visit from a president-elect in the city's history.The availability of new federal lands for purchase in central Indiana attracted settlers, many of them descendants of families from northwestern Europe.Although many of these first European and American settlers were Protestants, a large proportion of the early Irish and German immigrants were Catholics.
In 1818, the Delaware relinquished their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Since the 1970 city-county consolidation, known as Unigov, local government administration operates under the direction of an elected 25-member city-county council headed by the mayor.